Get the best deals for great northern railroad at eBay.com. Registered office: 3rd Floor, 41-51 Grey Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 6EE. The traffic renaissance of World War II also brought further profits; tonnage soared to 59.7 million and net income reached as high as $29.1 million in 1942. Doncaster Railway works staff beside a tank locomotive You will be hard pressed at finding a better online resource regarding diesel locomotives than Craig Rutherford's TheDieselShop.us. During that era the StP&P was a respectable system albeit mired in financial difficulty; it operated a 214-mile extension from St. Paul to Breckenridge along with a branch to Melrose, which split from Minneapolis. I have been a big fan of James Jerome Hill's Great Northern Railway from an early age. In 1948, the car went to the Seaboard Air Line and was remodeled for executive service. Modern map of the Northwest shows the Great Northern Railway's route including the California Extension. But if youâre delayed by 15 minutes or more, you may be entitled to compensation. Undeterred the three railroads continued to push forward. There it met the Western Pacific which built north from its main line at Keddie, California. Find the perfect Great Northern Railroad stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Despite these lean times GN never slipped into receivership like so many other railroads. See more ideas about great northern railroad, railroad, northern. This strategic opportunity provided the Milwaukee Road bountiful new sources of interchange traffic, particularly in conjunction with the Southern Pacific at Portland. What appears to be one of the Great Northern's Y-1 electrics (carrying a 1-C+C-1 wheel arrangement they were products of General Electric/Alco), #5017, has a passenger consist (Western Star?) My dad and I took occasional 8mm Kodachrome movies of the GN in the Cascades from 1957 to 1971. Winnipeg Limited: (Twin Cities - Winnipeg). It acted as a holding company for all three properties (Northern Pacific, Great Northern, and Spokane, Portland & Seattle) and retained Hill's leverage. High quality Great Northern Railroad gifts and merchandise. The caption reads: "A 'bright spot' in Great Northern's 1961 traffic picture, as illustrated on our colorful cover photo, was the rapidly rising volume of new automobiles riding the rails on multi-level rack cars. Timetable - Great Northern Railroad schedules Laminated poster of train time tables for November, 1908, June, 1912, November 3, 1912 & June 1924 for trains from St.Paul & Minneapolis and Hutchinson branch of the Great It was a sign of things to come. Richard Wallin photo. Find our updated coronavirus travel advice, including timetable changes and checking how busy your train is. Hill died on May 29, 1917 at the age of 77 but strong management continued to define his railroads long after his passing. This small logging railroad had opened from Mississippi Landing to Hibbing, along the Mesabi Range's western fringe, by 1895. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). He was never satisfied with the StP&D arrangement and sought his own route into Superior/Duluth. Even at this time the train featured far more than you will find on any Amtrak consist today including (not in order) a pair of sleepers, diner, Great Dome observation-lounge, standard coach, three dome coaches, and a lounge-coffee shop (the "Ranch Lounge"). Among the transcontinental railroads, it was the only one that used no public funding and only a few land grants. That chance finally came when the Duluth & Winnipeg Railroad entered receivership following the financial Panic of 1893. Like many railroads, GN had an ulterior motive for the park's creation; to increase ridership on its trains by marketing these natural wonders. Finally, on March 31, 1966 the agency surprisingly voted against the merger in a 6-5 decision. Find out when planned maintenance and improvement work is happening on the network. Buy or renew season tickets online with the Key Smartcard, and quickly load your tickets to your Smartcard with our app. 19K likes. If you are researching anything EMD related please visit this page first. To escape the congestion he sought an extension into Montana which contained fertile lands of agriculture, timber, and natural ores. He was born in the small community of Guelph, Upper Canada (Ontario) on September 16, 1838 to parents who were humble farmers. A Great Northern publicity photo of the postwar "Empire Builder" (Chicago - Seattle) led by new E7A's circa 1947. The SP&S would later expand further into Oregon by acquiring two electrified interurbans; the Oregon Electric Railway and United Railways. They then went into the steamboat business and their first steamer, the Selkirk, entered service along the Red River on April 23, 1871. The GN survived this ordeal relatively unscathed although it did suffer an exorbitantly high operating ratio which had jumped to 83.8% by 1918. Great Northern Ry. On September 18, 1889, James J. Hill created the Great Northern Railway from the bankrupt St. Paul and Pacific, and the Two years later he set out on his own and eventually wound up in St. Paul, Minnesota by July of 1856. From this point the line crossed Western Montana's 5,214-foot Marias Pass (within what is now Glacier National Park) before arriving in Spokane and, finally, Seattle. This led to a formal application filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission on February 17, 1961 which would bring together the Northern Pacific, Great Northern, and Chicago, Burlington & Quincy into the previously-named conglomerate. What better way to experience the beautiful north woods of Wisconsin than taking a scenic train ride with The Wisconsin Great Northern Railroad. Check out our new and improved Wisconsin Great Northern Railroad website by visiting www.spoonertrainride.com Registered in England under number: 07934306. The Great Northern Railway is Classic Trains' Railroad of the Month for September 2020 By George Drury | Posted on August 26, 2020 Great Northern 4-8-2 No. $9.24. James J. Hill was a different breed from the others who built transcontinental railroads across the U.S. First of all he was from Canada. Drew Jacksich photo. Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. Great Northern's Empire Builder This section contains brochures and information on Great Northern's premier train, The Empire Builder. A highly recommended database! In typical ICC fashion the process was slow and tedious. More than 3,000 multi-level carloads moved on Great Northern freight trains during the year.". Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. All photos and videos, copyright individual owners/organizations. What became the Great Northern Railway (GN) was the work of a singe individual, James Jerome Hill. A Supreme Court order in 1904 forced Northern Securities to divest control of all three although, in the end, Hill was victorious. The Great Northern Railway is Classic Trains' Railroad of the Month for September 2020 By George Drury | Posted on August 26, 2020 Great Northern 4-8-2 No. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. Find out how and when you can get a refund. The railway helped promote legislation that established Glacier National Park in 1910. Great Northern covered wagons are seen here between assignments in St. Paul, Minnesota in August of 1964. In August of 1957 steam made its final revenue run as officials turned their focus to traffic diversification. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. After Northern Securities was disbanded they tried to regain their interests in the railroad. That's also me trying on Vintage 6/28 1962 Great Northern Railroad Railway Time Table Empire Empire Build. The Great Northern Railway (reporting mark GN), running from Saint Paul, Minnesota, to Seattle, Washington â more than 1,700 miles (2,736 km) â was the creation of the 19th century railroad tycoon James J. Hill and was developed from the Saint Paul and Pacific Railroad.. The Great Northern Railway, and other western railroads, are often never recognized for their hard work in creating several of our national parks. Engineer Hat With Patch – Great Northern Railway – Blue Logo $ 12.00 – $ 15.00 Select options; Cap with Patch – Great Northern Railway – Blue Logo $ 14.00 Select options; Pin – Great Northern Railway – Blue Logo $ 5.00 Add to cart Both projects continued throughout 1887 until StPM&M rails had reached Great Falls on October 16th (service commenced on October 31st). Hill was a Minnesota coal and freight merchant who knew the north Great Northern is a trading name of Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd. The former ran south of Portland to Eugene while the latter extended east to the coast. Train cancelled or delayed? Bass & Company. According to the industrial publication, Railroad Gazette, the bridge was heralded as "one of the greatest specimens of engineering skill in the country.". This olive green tee featuring the Great Northern Railroad's largest steam locomotive, the 2-8-8-2 Articulated R-2 Class, at nearly 530 tons. His fleet of lake boats included the Northern Light, North Wind, Northern King, Northern Wave, North Star, and Northern Queen. 2526, with white extra flags posted, rolls a long string of red boxcars across the Minnesota prairie around 1950. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his, 276A-276B, 310A-310C, 440A-440D, 442A-442D, 252A, 256A-258A, 300A-305A, 300C-305C, 400A-428A (Evens), 400D-428D (Evens), 5600A, 5700A, 5701A, 5900A, 5900B, 252B-258B, 301B-305B, 400B-428B (Evens), 400C-428C (Evens), 5600B, 5700B, 5701B, 5900C, 225-231, 259A-267A, 259B, 262B-265B, 275A, 275B-276B, 306A, 306C, 350A-358A, 350C-358C, 375C-376C, 430A-438A (Evens), 430D-438D (Evens), 260B-261B, 267B, 306B, 350B-358B, 430B-438B (Evens), 430C-438C (Evens), 268A-274A, 271B-275B, 275A-276A, 280A-281A, 307A-317A, 307C-317C, 350A, 360A, 364A-365A, 364C-365C, 444A-456A (Evens), 444D-456D (Evens), 460A-468A (Evens), 460D-468D (Evens), 268B-270B, 280B-281B, 307B-309B, 311B-317B, 350B, 364B-365B, 380B-385B, 444B-468B (Evens), 444C-468C (Evens), 500B-504B. The Great Northern Railway was a transcontinental railroad system that extended from St. Paul to Seattle. Great Northern is a trading name of Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd. As, "The Great Northern Railway, A History" further points out he also had other reasons for doing so which included an economic rebound and instability of Red River wheat shipments. shipping: + $4.00 shipping. 1928 Southern Pacific Railroad Four Great Routes Shasta Sunset US Map Train Ad. On September 16, 1889 Hill's Minneapolis & St. Among the transcontinental railroads, it was the only one that used no public funding and only a few land grants. The information includes original numbers, serials, and order numbers. Model Railroader is the world's largest magazine on model trains and model railroad layouts. Registered in England under number: 07934306. Interestingly, James J. Hill did not start out in the railroad industry. Despite failing to complete his formal education, Hill blossomed into a sharp and cunning businessman. Hill, often known as Jim Hill, had been engaged in the transportation business since he arrived in Minnesota as a young man. Hill's next assignment involved opening a more direct connection into St. Paul, which required competing a 70-mile gap between Alexandria and Barnesville (finished in late 1879). Hill, often known as Jim Hill, had been engaged in the transportation business since he arrived in Minnesota as a young man. The Wisconsin Great Northern Railroad is one of the few family owned heritage railroad operations in the county. Note the livestock cars near the head end, a The original was a 2.63-mile bore opened in 1909 to eliminate grades as high as 4%. Later that year, on November 30th, the merger was approved by an 8-2 vote. Save money on Great Northern trains if youâre booking a number of tickets, travelling with friends or children, or going to school or college. $14.99. Great Northern is a trading name of Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd. 23 FREE Shipping on your first order shipped by Amazon In stock on October 13, 2020. at Scenic, Washington circa 1950s. According to the book "The Great Northern Railway, A History" by authors Ralph W. Hidy, Muriel E. Hidy, Roy V. Scott, and Don L. Hofsommer, in 1880 StPM&M's operating revenue was $2.885 million, a number which had jumped to $8.586 million by 1889. Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page! Author's work. On September 16, 1889 Hill's Minneapolis & St. The Great Northern Railway was a transcontinental railroad system that extended from St. Paul to Seattle. Given his considerable dealings, and keen understanding of their operations, Hill soon sought railroad ownership. During its last year of corporate independence (1969) the Great Northern earned a net income of $23.4 million. The Great Northern was thrust into is worst-ever traffic slump as the economy collapsed. The tycoon always planned his next move well in advance and was rarely caught off-guard. A month later, on December 2nd, the complete route to Winnipeg, Manitoba was finished allowing for through traffic to flow out of Canada. From the Great Northern's 1963 annual report, new GP30's with eastbound time freight #82 (Seattle - Twin Cities) at Wenatchee, Washington in September of 1963. During its existence the Great Northern Railway owned a total of 883 diesel locomotives built by 4 different builders; Alco, Baldwin, EMC/EMD and GE.EMC/EMD delivered the majority of these diesels; 754 units in 27 models, followed by Alco with 67 units in 7 models, GE with 47 units in 4 models and finally Baldwin with only 15 units in 2 models. The Burlington Northern merger has already happened but this view of the westbound "Empire Builder" at West Glacier, Montana during August of 1970 would have one believe it is still the GN era. It was returned to private ownership, along with the rest of the industry, on February 28, 1920 following passage of the Transportation Act. 2526, with white extra flags posted, rolls a long string of red boxcars across the Minnesota prairie around 1950. Discover (and save!) In the succeeding years, ore, a vital component in the steel-making process, continued to play an important role for Great Northern. Registered in England under number: 07934306. Harriman and his colleagues had sold their NP stock back in late 1902. As he built west, Hill also remained focused back east. Time: ending soonest Time: newly listed Price Get the best deals for great northern railroad at eBay.com. As he viewed it, having full ownership of any line was always the most advantageous scenario. He first purchased tracts of land in the western Mesabi Range but then could not locate a railroad. The Historic Map includes Lewis and Clark's trail, old fur trading Posts & forts, Isaac Stevens route, etc. The Great Northern Railway logo. In 1910 the Great Northern Railroad announced it was going to build a cut-off line across North Dakota from Fargo to Surrey in Ward County. Author's collection. All rights reserved worldwide. Following chief engineer Elbridge H. Beckler's surveying efforts, track-laying began at Pacific Junction, Montana (slightly west of Havre) on October 20, 1890. Fast & Free shipping on many items! With this issue resolved the ICC reopened hearings on January 4, 1967. on this cold early January 1970 afternoon. Weighs 4 lbs. Number of bids and bid amounts The directive was ordered by President Woodrow Wilson in response to fears of gridlock. About 60 days are left in the history of the Great Northern Ry. Afterwards, three hotels, built in the style of Swiss Chalets, were constructed to attract vacationers: Prince of Wales Hotel, Glacier Park Hotel, and Many Glacier Hotel. Afterwards, the Empire Builder began adding hundreds of miles in agricultural branches to serve farms situated at, or near, the Red River. We are sending monthly emails highlighting planned engineering works that might affect your journey and the alternative travel arrangements in place. During the 20th century Hill's greatest achievement was establishing the so-called "Hill Lines." The latter city was reached in 1904 and the former in March, 1908. 14 1/2 x 14 1/2 inches 18 gauge steel. Much of the early history of Waterton-Glacier is the story of the Great Northern Railway. Travel plans changed? Note the livestock cars near the head end, a common practice at the time to ensure animals were cared for quickly. It is a must visit! Once Hill and company took control they rushed to finish this extension. However, the same court ruled against the group in 1905. It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country. We have a great online selection at the lowest prices with Fast & Free shipping on many items! A grand ceremony was held on January 12, 1929 to dedicate the structure which was an impressive 7.77 miles in length carrying a grade of 1.6% from east to west. After overcoming a bit more legal work and objections the four railroads finally became one at 12:01 AM on March 2, 1970. Along the way it crossed Stevens Pass within Washington's Cascade Mountains, an area which saw two magnificent tunnels constructed over the years. To do this he acquired an interest in the Montana Central Railway during 1885, an as-yet built system chartered to link Great Falls with Butte. One particularly important acquisition was the St. Paul & Duluth (StP&D), a railroad jointly owned by the StPM&M; Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul (Milwaukee Road); and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha ("The Omaha Road") which offered all three a through a key connection into the Lake Superior ports of Duluth/Superior. Here, the newly streamlined "Empire Builder" led by E7A's near the Twin Cities in 1947. He was born in Ontario and lost his father at an early age. Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Govia Ltd. The Great Northern Railway inaugurated the Empire Builder on June 10, 1929. Buy great northern railroad posters designed by millions of artists and iconic brands from all over the world. Find other ways of getting to your destination if your train is cancelled, or if the service is disrupted. Only eight months after reaching Portland, the SP&S arrived in Spokane. The website about the Great Northern Railway and what is left of it today.. A place for rail-fanning the old Great Northern, and finding information about James J. Hill's GN, like rosters, locomotives, passenger and freight cars, cabooses, routes, pictures, depots and other structures, name trains like the Empire Builder, and much more! Unfortunately, financial issues and the Panic of 1873 precluded its completion at that time. Crews referred to these monsters as mountain shrinkers. Last one . Originally constructed for the Sante Fe Railroad by the great Pullman Company in 1914, the car saw regular service between Los Angles and Chicago and probably entertained many of the great names of the period. The railroad was founded in 1997 by Greg and Mardell Vreeland with help from family and friends. Customize your great northern railroad poster with hundreds of different frame options, and get the exact look that you want for your wall! The railway helped promote legislation that established Glacier National Park in 1910. It was completed on February 14, 1891; altogether the Great Northern operated 1,727 miles west of St. Paul. For Hill, the S&M was only the beginning out west. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The legendary "Empire Builder" pieced together one of America's great transportation companies over the span of nearly four decades. Named after GN's founder James J. Hill, this train was THE way to travel from Chicago to the Twin Cities to Seattle in the pre-Amtrak days. This Sign Has Eyelets For Mounting. Over time, the company's traffic became highly diversified; what began as an agricultural hauler transformed into a transcontinental carrier handling every type of freight imaginable. With the grade already prepared, crews continued southwesterly towards Butte but were delayed by the impending winter. Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd is The Great Northern Railway. It was already served by two railroads; the Duluth, Missabe & Northern (DM&N) and Duluth & Iron Range. A century later, on June 28, 1962, Great Northern fittingly commemorated its Centennial of service by presenting the William Crooks to the Minnesota Historical Society. This structure linked St. Paul with a grand new passenger station in downtown Minneapolis that was situated on Hennepin Avenue along the waterfront. The amount of information found there is quite staggering; historical backgrounds of wheel arrangements, types used by virtually every railroad, preserved and operational examples, and even those used in other countries (North America and beyond). Jan 6, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Niels Henriksen. A year later this had recovered to a loss of $3.2 million and, in 1934, losses were only $1.074 million. Through it all, Seattle became the established western terminal when GN acquired 60 acres between Smith's Cove and Salmon Bay at a cost of $1 million. The system was about 100 miles in length running from Superior, Wisconsin to Deer River, Minnesota. The Great Northern Railway was a transcontinental railroad system that extended from St. Paul to Seattle. Sylty Great Northern Railway Railroad Man Cave Garage Car Motor Oil Sign 12X12 Inch 5.0 out of 5 stars 3 $17.23 $ 17. He only attended school until the age of 15 after his father's premature death. As John Kelly notes in his book, "Great Northern Railway: Route Of The Empire Builder," company president Louis Hill (son of James Hill) and George Grinnell, a magazine publisher, relentlessly pressed the federal government for establishment of a park to protect western Montana's natural beauty. The entire endeavor was slow but methodical; at the end of 1891 tracks had reached Kalispell and on June 1, 1892 arrived in Spokane, Washington. Hill was aiming for a connection with the Montana Central at Great Falls, which was underway itself. Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Govia Ltd. If you are researching active or abandoned corridors you might want to check out the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Historical Topographic Map Explorer. That decade witnessed two significant events; GN's last noteworthy expansion and an improved grade over Stevens Pass. Wisconsin Great Northern Railroad, Trego, Wisconsin. Tri-level racks, shown here, carry 12 standard and 15 compact autos. A Great Northern publicity photo featuring the late-era, original "Empire Builder" wearing the short-lived "Big Sky Blue" livery and led by a pair of SDP45's in 1967. Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. Registered office: 3rd Floor, 41-51 Grey Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 6EE. Following much work and drawn out negotiations he, along with three other associates (Donald Alexander Smith, Norman Wolfred Kittson, and George Stephen), signed an agreement to purchase control of the St. Paul & Pacific Railroad on March 13, 1878. A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. All content copyright American-Rails.com (unless otherwise noted). Govia Thameslink Railway Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of Govia Ltd. RAILROAD - GREAT NORTHERN - CHILDREN'S ROCKY PATTERN - TALL CHINA CUP - MARKEDOffered today is a very hard to find TALL Children's Cup. 1 carried the name of its chief engineer, Colonel William Crooks. Background The Great Northern Railway has a rich history of spectacular engineering from the most prominent railroad pioneers of the 19th century. Hill, who fervently believed Minnesota's pure iron ore could yield huge profits for his company, eventually worked out an agreement with CP president, William Cornelius Van Horne. Check here first for answers to everything from buying tickets to travelling on our trains. Cloud. It is difficult to truly articulate just how much material can be found at this website. Above is the Great Northern depot at Medicine Lake and below is a similar combination of Great Northern depot and elevators at Antelope. Arguably its most impressive project was a grand stone-arch bridge spanning the mighty Mississippi River which crossed the magnificent Falls of St. Anthony at an angle. A place for rail-fanning the old Great Northern, and finding information about James J. Hill's GN, like rosters, locomotives, passenger and freight cars, cabooses, routes, pictures, depots and other structures, name trains like the Empire Builder, and much more! A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. While he is widely recognized for completing the Pacific Extension the Empire Builder also established GN's dominating presence throughout the Puget Sound region. Need help, have a question or want to tell us what you think? In the east, Hill kept a close eye on Minnesota's rapidly expanding iron ore industry, situated in the Mesabi and Vermillion Ranges. The Right of Way Act of March The GN experienced only one bout of financial hardship in the years immediately following the Great Depression. It all began as the Portland & Seattle Railway, formed in August of 1905, which was renamed the Spokane, Portland & Seattle Railway in 1908. Before long, he had established his own company under the name, J.J. Hill & Company. After much hard work their efforts paid off when a bill establishing Glacier National Park was signed into law by President William Howard Taft on May 11, 1910. Re-opening in the spring of 2021, Riverside and Great Northern Railroad offers a beautiful scenic train ride through the Wisconsin Dells countryside. 149 Argued January 13, 14, 1942 Decided February 2, 1942 315 U.S. 262 Syllabus 1. Hill continued his escapades into the Beaver State by picking up the Oregon Trunk Railway in August of 1909. Dec 17, 2015 - Burlington Northern Santa Fe Rotary Snowplow #BN972561 .. Drew Jacksich photo. According to the Minnesota state legislature, a requirement of their ownership stipulated they must do so before the end of 1878! The Great Northern Railway (reporting mark GN) was an American Class I railroad.Running from Saint Paul, Minnesota, to Seattle, Washington, it was the creation of 19th-century railroad entrepreneur James J. Hill and was developed from the Saint Paul & Pacific Railroad.. Great Northern B-D+D-B double-end motor #5019 (W-1), is seen here in Skykomish, Washington as part of the Cascade Tunnel electrification on June 9, 1956. Dakotan: (Twin Cities - Williston, North Dakota), International: (Seattle - Vancouver, B.C.). A handsome Great Northern 2-8-2, #3358 (O-6), is at work somewhere along the eastern end of the railroad's network in a scene that appears to date to the late 1940s/early 1950s. It all began with the small St. Paul & Pacific and, by the time of his passing in 1917, the GN was a transcontinental carrier of more than 8,000 miles. An A-B-A set of Great Northern covered wagons and their mixed freight depart from a busy Union Yard in Minneapolis during the 1960s. The Great Northern Railroad was built by a company headed by a Canadian businessman, James J. Hill. The Great Northern Railway was a transcontinental railroad system that extended from St. Paul to Seattle. The website about the Great Northern Railway and what is left of it today. Hereâs everything you need to know about finding and booking the right ticket for your journey on Great Northern. Just months after it opened the country slipped into its worst-ever depression following the stock market crash of 1929. Great Northern Railroad Laser Cut Faux Copper Silhouette Metal Script Art Sign. The last memories of the Great Northern Railway. Made In The USA. With what was now essentially a monopoly into the Pacific Northwest, he angled for a route into Chicago, then America's railroad capital. RAILROAD - GREAT NORTHERN - CHILDREN'S ROCKY PATTERN - TALL CHINA CUP - MARKEDOffered today is a very hard to find TALL Children's Cup. As previously-mentioned he acquired full control of the Northern Pacific in late 1900 and completed the jointly-owned SP&S later that decade. 1 map; 23 x 40 cm. By the late 1880's the StPM&M had grown into a major player across the Upper Midwest with a network of more than 1,000 miles.
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